Pakistan - Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Pakistan also offically known as Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Pakistan - Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Pakistan is a country in South Asia. It has a 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast and its capital is Islamabad.

Tajikistan also lies very close to Pakistan but is separated by the narrow Wakhan Corridor. Thus, it occupies a crossroads position between South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East.

The region forming modern Pakistan was at the heart of the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation and then later was the recipient of Vedic, Persian, Indo-Greek, Turco-Mongol, Islamic and Sikh cultures. The area has witnessed invasions and/or settlements by the Indo-Aryans, Persians, Greeks, Arabs, Turks, Afghans, Mongols and the British.

While the Indian independence movement demanded an independent India, the Pakistan Movement (led by Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah of the Muslim League) sought independent states for the majority Muslim populations of the eastern and western regions of British India as well.

The British granted independence and also the creation of one Muslim majority state of Pakistan that comprised the provinces of Sindh, North-West Frontier Province, West Punjab, Balochistan and East Bengal. With the adoption of its constitution in 1956, Pakistan became an Islamic republic. In 1971, a civil war in East Pakistanresulted in the creation of Bangladesh.

Pakistan has four provinces: Baluchistan, North West Frontier Province (NWFP), Punjab and Sindh. Their respective capitals are: Quetta, Peshawar, Lahore and Karachi . In addition to these provinces is the Federally Administered Northern Area (FANA), which is divided into the districts of Diamer, Ghanche, Ghizer, Gilgit and Skardu. There are also seven Federally Administered Tribal Areas. (FATA).

Important Facts & Information About Pakistan

Pakistan Information

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August 14th, 1947



Muhammad Ali Jinnah (Quaid-e-Azam)

Asif Zardari (PPP)

Yousaf Gillani (PPP)

Farooq Naek (PPP)

Fahmida Mirza (PPP)

Pakistani Rupees (RS) (PKR)





National Symbols of Pakistan











The estimated population of Pakistan in 2010 was over 169,801,000 - making it the world's sixth most-populous country, behind Brazil and ahead of Russia. The population growth rate now stands at 1.6%. The majority of southern Pakistan's population lives along the Indus River. By population size, Karachi is the largest city of Pakistan.

In the northern half, most of the population lives about an arc formed by the cities of Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat, Jhelum, Sargodha and Sheikhupura.

Pakistan is a multilingual country with more than sixty languages being spoken. English is the official language of Pakistan and used in official business, government, and legal contracts, while Urdu is the national language. Punjabi is the provincial language of Punjab. Saraiki is also spoken in larger area of punjab province. Pashto is the provincial language of North-West Frontier Province. Sindhi is the provincial language of Sindh and Balochi is the provincial language of Balochistan

Pakistan is the second-most populous Muslim-majority country and also has the second-largest Shi'a population in the world. About 95% of the Pakistanis are Muslim. The majority are Sunni, with an estimated 10% to 30% Shi'a and 2.3% are Ahmadis, as well as several Sufi communities.

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Source: Wikipedia